Also known asCitrus aurantium, Seville orange, sour orange
IntroductionIt is an evergreen tree native to Africa, Arabia, and Syria with long spines and incredibly fragrant flowers. The membranes and pulp of the fruit are very sour and bitter.
Herbalists in Europe began using bitter orange for stomach complaints, nervous conditions, gout, sore throat, and as a sedative and bitter tonic. In traditional Chinese medicine, it is used as an ingredient in several different formulas, most of them dealing with coughs, colds, indigestion, nausea, and even organ prolapse.
Bitter Orange and Weight LossBitter orange contains synephrine, a drug aimed at encouraging fat loss. It acts to constrict blood vessels, increase blood pressure and increase the heart rate. Contemporary Chinese practitioners inject it for the treatment of anaphalylactic shock and shock syndrome. While bitter orange has not undergone formal safety testing, it can cause the same spectrum of adverse events as ephedra. Case reports have linked bitter orange supplements to strokes, angina, and ischemic colitis.
Parts UsedThe entire fruit, including the peel, fresh flowers, and the leaves and twigs, are all used for various commercial products.
Typical PreparationsBitter orange peel, and the oil derived from it, is used in many different things. As a flavoring agent it can be used in a wide variety of foods, and is used in liqueurs (most notably Triple Sec), deserts, candy, gelatins and puddings. It is used to cover up the taste of pharmaceuticals, as well as being a key ingredient in marmalade. The peel is used in teas, especially those made for digestive complaints.
SummaryBitter orange peel has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal properties. The German E Commission has approved its use for loss of appetite, dyspeptic ailments and stomach complaints. There is some speculation and testimony that bitter orange peel can be used for weight loss and as a nasal decongestant, but according to the German Commission there still need to be clinical trials done before this can be emphatically established. Neroli and Petitgrain essential oils are both derived from the bitter orange tree, specifically from the fresh flowers (Neroli), and the leaves and twigs (Petitgrain). Precautions
Photosensitization is possible in some individuals, but this has mainly been found in the whole raw fruit. It is not recommended during pregnancy, and it should not be used by children.
TRADITIONALLY INDICATED FOR THESE SYMPTOMSBitter Orange Peel may be beneficial for these symptoms. The suitability of any product for a condition is highly dependent on the individual. Please see your doctor before using this product to treat a medical condition.
AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL BIOCHARACTERISTICS
Experiences are PersonalExperiences vary according to the person and constitution. Individual results may vary. The list of herbal-actions below has not be approved by the FDA and should not be used to treat a medical condition.
Here are the herbal actions of Bitter Orange Peel:
STIMULATES-PERISTALSISAn herb that promotes involuntary smooth muscle contractions to facilitate the movement of food and waste through the digestive tract.
APPETIZERHerbs that cleanse the palate & stimulate hunger or desire to eat.
CARMINATIVEStimulates the release of gas. Helpful for bloating or cramping abdominal pain. Propels food downward.
DIGESTIVEHerbs that encourage healthy digestion.
STOMACHICAn herb that increases appetite or settles a nauseas or nervous stomach. These generally increase the digestive fire, therefore relieving symptoms of sluggish or difficult digestion.
Energy Vitality Strength:
STIMULATES-ENERGYThis category groups thyroid and adrenal stimulating herbs
Heart & Circulation:
CARDIAC-STIMULANTHerbs that increase the heart rate. Useful in cardiovascular health, blood stagnation, and subjective feeling of heaviness in the chest area.
Lung and Sinus:
IRRITATES-THROATCreates abrasive feeling in the back of the mouth. May stimulate coughing.
DECONGESTANTAn herb that reduces mucus congestion in the sinus or lungs by restricting blood flow to mucus membranes.
Mind, Stress & Sleep:
Wakes you up
WAKES-YOU-UPInvigorates the body and improves energy by stimulating circulation.
RAISES-THYROIDAn herb that increases thyroid function.
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